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AOAC General Assembly Introduction

AOAC, formerly known as the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, is an organization of the Society of Government Agricultural Chemists established in 1884 under the auspices of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to adopt a single analytical test method for fertilizers. In 1885, at a convention held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, it was decided that the Society would become an independent organization. At that time, the membership of the society was limited to analytical chemistry in the state and federal governments, and this membership rule continued for nearly a hundred years.  

The early AOAC was led by the founder of the association, Harvey W. Wiley, who served as the chairman and secretary of the association respectively. In 1885 Dr. Wiley was responsible for the publication of the AOAC Analytical Methods - a 49-page Bulletin of Fertilizer Analytical Methods - which was the predecessor of the public authority journal AOAC INTERNATIONAL (OMA). By 1887, the journal included both fertilizers and increased inspection and analysis of feed and dairy products.  

Dr. Wiley's main interest and research direction for the publication is the inspection and analysis of adulterated and inferior food and drugs, so that in 1889, he began to study and select food analysis methods as the official standard. His research efforts with other volunteer participants resulted in the passage of the Federal Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. By 1912, AOAC began to publish various analytical methods stipulated by AOAC's official and standards.  

When the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) became a separate unit from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) USDA in 1927. The functions and tasks of the AOAC Association continue to be passed on to the FDA, which is now in charge of administrative operations. Because the AOAC inspection method is very important for administrative management.  

The 1950s were quite an exciting time for AOAC, as the business expanded rapidly during this time. Because of the passage of the new food bill and because of the need for many new inspection methods and technologies in management, the expansion of the equipment and facilities of government laboratories and the increase in the participation of AOAC have been accelerated. As early as the 1890s, AOAC has been a pioneer in the development and validation of analytical methods, and over this period AOAC has established its position in evaluating analytical testing methods.  

By 1965, the association realized that the scope of AOAC's work had gone beyond just agricultural analytical problems, so the association changed its name to "Association of Official Analytical Chemists", the original agricultural chemist Agricultural Chemists. Changed to Analytical Chemists. The association also began to work towards independence from the FDA. Sponsored by the U.S. federal government, state governments and industry. The society officially became an independent organization in 1979.  

Beginning in the 1970s, the society began to recruit scientists from abroad to join the society. Another big change is the start of adding scientists with unofficial (non-government officials) status. Scientists who are not government officials have always been able to participate in some government-sponsored collaborative research projects and have access to the research methods developed. By the 1987 full membership vote, membership was increased to scientists from industry. Up to now, more than 60% of AOAC INTERNATIONAL members are from industry.  

In 1980, the association established relevant AOAC units (called chapters) according to each geographical area. The first regional chapter was first established in North America, called the Pacific Northwest Division, which was established in 1981. The plan to establish a chapter has continued to expand internationally, and the European chapter was officially established in 1989.  

In the United States, until 1991 the association was limited to official (official) analytical chemists. Between 1980 and 1990, the field of analysis of the club, especially the part of food analysis, suddenly changed from chemical analysis to include food microbial contamination. In addition, as a result of increased international trade, the demand for quality control laboratories and international laboratory certification has accelerated. So in the same year, the name of the association was changed to "International Association of Analytical Chemists" AOAC INTERNATIONAL. The English abbreviation of the new club name is still the same as the one that has been in use for more than 100 years, but the narrower appellation (originally a government agricultural chemist) has been abandoned, and it reflects the international character.  

Today's International Association of Analytical Chemists In today's 21st century, the membership of the International Association of Analytical Chemists AOAC INTERNATIONAL must have professional vitality, is a worldwide membership organization and can fully provide analytical method validation and laboratory quality assurance. development, enablement and alignment. At the same time, it serves as the main resource to provide the necessary academic exchanges, related network and high-quality laboratory information in real time.

To achieve this, AOAC is now focusing very closely on its process for reviewing test methods and continues to provide new and internationally evolving test methods such as genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and nutritional testing. Wait.  

The explosive and rapid development of the global market and the international market makes AOAC INTERNATIONAL take this opportunity to become a leader in the development of laboratory accreditation standards. Members of AOAC's Laboratory Accreditation Standards Committee work hard to provide laboratory supervisors with the tools necessary to comply with ISO 17025 requirements. AOAC's Laboratory Familiarity Testing Program also serves the role of providing each laboratory the relevant methods for demonstrating the accuracy and reliability of its test result data.

In AD 2000, AOAC opened an office for international affairs at its headquarters, and currently plans to open another office in the Netherlands in Europe. In addition to the current 11 chapters in North America, AOAC currently has chapters in Europe, Latin America, Japan and, most recently, China.

The latest addition to AOAC INTERNATIONAL's website is an online resource for analysts around the world to access all relevant information. The purpose of the website is to provide online relevant information for all AOAC members.

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